Contraband and Drug Possession Case Withdrawn in Indiana County

A ZLF client was charged with two separate cases in Indiana County, Pennsylvania. The first case was for Drug Possession. The second case was for Contraband and Drug Possession. Essentially, the client was arrested for the first case and notified members of law enforcement that narcotics were located in a pant pocket. Thereafter, the client was transported to the jail where additional narcotics were found in the same pant pocket. As a result of the second search that occurred in the jail, the client was charged with Contraband, a 2nd Degree Felony, and Drug Possession, a 1st-Degree Misdemeanor. Both offenses carried a maximum sentence of up to 13 years in jail.

At the preliminary hearing, the firm was successfully able to convince the District Attorney’s office that the client should have never been charged with Contraband in the first place, as there was no evidence to establish that drugs were being smuggled into the county jail. Specifically, had law enforcement thoroughly searched the client during the initial arrest, no drugs would have been found at the county jail. As a result, all charges at the second case were withdrawn, allowing the client to avoid a felony conviction without the time and expense of trial.

Armstrong Co. Client avoids 5-10 years of jail time on Prescription Fraud Case

The Zuckerman Law Firm represented a client facing 18 total counts for Insurance Fraud, Acquisition of a Controlled Substance by Misrepresentation, Forgery and Theft by Deception in Armstrong County. The information listed in this article is a matter of public record, and does not include the disclosure of confidential information.

The client stood accused of writing fake prescription medications over a span of several years from a physician’s office to support a drug addiction. Specifically, full confessions were made by the Defendant to the employer and members of law enforcement. Due to the high number of Schedule II controlled substances acquired, the client’s Offense Gravity Score was increased to a 13, carry a range of guideline sentences from 5-10 years, up to 6.5-13 years.

Pursuant to lengthy negotiations that occurred between the firm and Attorney General’s Office, an agreement was reached where the prosecution agreed to reduce the Offense Gravity Score from a 13 down to a 5 in return for a guilty plea to Acquisition of a Controlled Substance by Misrepresentation and Insurance Fraud. The agreement was accepted, but sentencing was left to the discretion of the Court. The guideline range sentence for the reduced OGS still carried anywhere from probation to 9-18 months in the county jail.

Prior to sentencing, the firm prepared and filed a detailed memorandum explaining the client’s rehabilitative efforts in a request for probation. At sentencing, the Court agreed that the client deserved a probationary sentence, and imposed a 2 year period of probation. This case serves as an important example as to why humanizing your client with both prosecutors and the court can be an effective tool in achieving justice.

Armstrong County Clients Found Not Guilty of Racing on Highways

Our firm is pleased to announce that our clients were found not guilty of Racing on Highways offenses in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania. This verdict saved both clients from incurring a mandatory 6-month driver’s license suspension.

A husband and wife couple stood accused of Racing on Highways after being lined up in adjacent lanes along a local highway. Upon the traffic light turning green, the citing officer claimed to have heard tires squealing and saw both vehicles accelerate to a point approximately 1/10th of a mile down the road, before one vehicle slowed and the other continued. The officer then proceeded to stop both vehicle charging the couple with Racing on Highways. One driver was also charged with exceeding speed limits in excess of 31mph, which carries a mandatory 15-day license suspension.

At the summary trial, the testimony of both clients was presented, establishing that neither party was engaged in a drag race as required by the statute. The court ultimately found the clients not guilty of this offense. However, the court found one driver guilty of speeding below 31mph, eliminating the 15-day suspension, and the other guilty of an inspection violation, carrying a fine only.

Charges Withdrawn Against Allegheny Co. Man Falsely Accused of Stalking, Harassment & Theft

Our firm is pleased to announce the decision made by prosecutors to fully withdraw felony Theft and misdemeanor Stalking and Harassment against a client who was falsely accused of domestic violence. The client faced a total of 6 separate legal actions as a result of unfounded allegations: 2 criminal cases, 1 PFA, and 3 ICC complaints. This blog post is being made with the client’s direct consent.

Upon learning that our client was in a relationship with another woman, his ex-girlfriend filed for a PFA, and accused him of stealing his own vehicle, which was titled in his ex’s name to lower insurance costs.

After posting bond on the theft case, his ex-girlfriend subsequently accused him of sending threatening text messages to her on three separate occasions. Police ultimately filed three separate indirect criminal contempt complaints (ICC) against the client without ever securing the alleged text messages as evidence, forcing him to pay thousands of dollars to bail bondsmen to secure his release. Police thereafter charged him with Stalking and Harassment.

Social media evidence sent by the ex-girlfriend to the client ultimately cleared his name. At the conclusion of the preliminary hearing on the theft charges, the ex-girlfriend sent a message to the client using her social media account, threatening to ruin his life if he would not take her back.

Thankfully, the client followed our advice for handling domestic violence allegations by preserving a copy of the message and providing it to legal counsel. This message in conjunction with other exculpatory text messages were reviewed with prosecuting attorneys, who made the responsible decision to withdraw all of his criminal charges. Additionally, all PFAs and ICC violations were withdrawn in family court.

Although victorious in a court of law, this came at a great cost to the client, who spent thousands of dollars in bond money and attorney’s fees to clear his name.

Penn State University student avoids Public Drunkenness and Disorderly Conduct Convictions

Recently, the Zuckerman Law Firm represented a college student at Penn State University, who was cited with public drunkenness and disorderly conduct. The client was accused of being intoxicated at an apartment complex, leading security to contact police, who in turn issued citations. If convicted, the client faced up to $900 in fines and court costs, along with publicly searchable convictions. 

Represented by Attorney Zuckerman, the court granted counsel's request to dismiss charges when the police officer failed to appear in court as required. Based upon the favorable resolution, the client is now able to pursue a criminal record expungement, to remove the case information off of the PA Unified Judicial System Portal. 

If you are a Penn State Student cited with an offense in Western Pennsylvania, please feel free to contact the Zuckerman Law Firm at 412-447-5580 for a free case consultation. 

Construction Worker Avoids Felony Convictions for Illegal Home Entry

The Zuckerman Law Firm recently represented a construction worker accused of Criminal Trespass, a felony of the third degree punishable by up to 7 years in jail. He stood accused of entering another person's home without permission while under the influence of alcohol. As a gainfully employed construction worker with a past criminal record, a conviction for this offense could have led to his incarceration and loss of employment. 

The client was represented by Attorney Zuckerman, who referred the client for a drug and alcohol assessment. On the preliminary hearing date, a deal was worked out where the client plead to simple trespasser and public drunkenness summary offenses, receiving credit for time served. In short, the felonies were dropped to the lowest possible criminal offenses where no additional fines became due. 

This resolution was ideal under the circumstances, eliminating the need for a costly and stressful trial. 

ARD & No License Suspension Saves Job for Washington County Client

In December of 2017, Attorney Zuckerman successfully lobbied the ARD Court judge for leniency on behalf of a client facing a loss of employment with a license suspension. The client was charged with a 1st Offense, Middle Tier DUI based upon having a blood alcohol concentration between a .10% to a .16%, but closer to the higher end of this range. 

Although a negotiated agreement was reached for him to be admitted into the ARD program, he faced a 30 day license suspension upon conviction. Given his line of work, he stood a near 100% chance of losing his job, pension, and health benefits. 

Prior to the case being called, Attorney Zuckerman was able to successfully argue at sidebar for the Court to admit the client into ARD on a DUI - General Impairment charge, which carries no license suspension. This offense allowed him to continue to provide for his family while also holding him properly accountable for the decision to drink and drive. 

College Student's Felony Criminal Trespass Charges Dismissed

Our office was retained to represent a college student with no criminal history accused of breaking into a fellow student's apartment. The client was charged with Criminal Trespass, a felony of the second degree, punishable by a maximum prison sentence of up to 10 years in jail. Along with jail time, this student faced a permanent criminal record and expulsion from the university. 

This case posed significant challenges for the defense, as there was more than ample evidence to convict if the case went to trial. Our firm's representation of the client centered around damage control - showing the prosecution that this was a good person who deserved a second chance. 

At the preliminary hearing, our firm successfully advocated on our client's behalf with the arresting officer and District Attorney, who agreed that based upon the circumstances, that prosecution of the felony charge was not necessary. The felony charge was dropped in return for the client's guilty plea to a summary disorderly conduct for fines and court costs only. Based upon this successful result, the client is eligible to pursue an expungement of the dismissed criminal trespass charge. 

Unlawful Dissemination of Intimate Image Charges Dismissed for Allegheny Co. Man

Based upon a referral from another law firm, our office was retained to represent a man accused of disseminating naked photographs of his ex-wife to mutual acquaintances. It was alleged that the client texted nude photos of his ex-wife from the neck down to a friend, as revenge for the ex-wife cheating on the client. Three months later, and without direction to do so by the client, the friend showed the photos to his co-workers, which ultimately led to the commencement of a criminal investigation and criminal charges being filed. 

After meeting with the client and preparing for the preliminary hearing, multiple evidentiary weaknesses were discovered. First, the photographs were never recovered during the course of the investigation, and none of the witnesses had personal knowledge if the body parts depicted in the photograph were actually those of the ex-wife. Second, several of the witnesses may have conspired to delete evidence. Third, there was no evidence to support that the client directed his friend to disseminate the photos to others for the purpose of harassing his ex-wife, which is an element of the offense. 

Upon discussing the case with the investigating officer and District Attorney, it was agreed that the case should not be prosecuted further at the Court of Common Pleas level. As such, the misdemeanor Unlawful Dissemination charge was dismissed in return for a guilty plea to summary offenses for fines and court costs. 

Military Veteran receives 1 year of probation for 2 DUI cases in Bedford Co.

In 2016, our office was retained to represent a military veteran who picked up two separate DUI cases in quick succession. The client was charged at the first case with a DUI for the Highest Rate of Alcohol offense and Endangering the Welfare of a Child. At the second case, the client was charged with a DUI for a High Rate of Alcohol. She faced a total mandatory minimum jail sentence of 33 days in jail at both cases, and up to 5 and 1/2 years of total confinement or probationary supervision. 

Our office was able to negotiate an agreement for the client to plead guilty to DUI General Impairment charges, both of which were treated as first offenses. For first offense DUI General Impairment charges, there is no mandatory jail sentence, but a mandatory period of probation of 6 months at each case for a total of 1 year of probation. In negotiating this agreement, our office worked with the client to chronicle her military history, compile character reference letters, and provide documentation of treatment. Providing a vast array of mitigating documentation helped persuade the District Attorney's office to offer a favorable resolution of these cases.

Felony Gun Charges Dismissed and Probation Detainer Lifted for Working Man

In May of 2017, a ZLF client found himself charged with Carrying a Firearm Without a License when a firearm was located under the front passenger seat of his vehicle. Our client was giving a ride to a neighbor's friend when he failed to use a turn signal. A traffic stop was conducted, and without any prior knowledge that the passenger was armed, the passenger stuffed a gun under the front passenger seat of the vehicle. Both men blamed one another for the gun, and as a result, the police charged them both with Carrying a Firearm Without a License based upon a theory of joint constructive possession. To make matters worse, the client was held in jail on a probation detainer for a non-violent offense pending the resolution of the case. 

Attorney Zuckerman conducted research on the passenger's background, discovering that he had prior firearms and violent crimes violations. Thereafter, he took this information to the District Attorney's Office, and after a fair review of the case file, the DA's office agreed to dismiss all gun possession charges at the preliminary hearing. On the other hand, the front seat passenger is properly facing trial for the firearms offenses. 

The client's case resolved with a guilty plea to a Driving on a Suspended License violation for 60-days of house arrest. One week after the gun charges were dropped, the detainer was lifted and the client returned to work to support his girlfriend and her children. 

This client was 100% innocent, and is grateful to the DA's office for their diligence in comprehensively reviewing the facts before making the right decision to only prosecute the responsible party. 

Reckless Driving Charges Dismissed After Police Officer Arrived Too Late

A recent ZLF client found himself charged with Reckless Driving and Safe Speed violations, facing a 6-month license suspension, over $400 in fines and court costs and likely loss of employment upon conviction. The client was accused of speeding through a red light at an intersection with heavy pedestrian traffic. Upon being stopped by a police officer, a verbal argument ensued, in which the officer ended up charging him with the most serious traffic charge he could. Our office was prepared for trial, as it appeared unlikely from the circumstances that the police officer would be willing to negotiate any reduction. 

This case is a classic example of why having an attorney to represent you on serious traffic offenses is money well spent. Although the magistrate's office was particularly busy that day, the Judge made an effort to call our case first to accommodate Attorney Zuckerman's schedule. At the time the case was called, the police officer was not present, which led to the dismissal of the case. Minutes later, the officer was observed entering the magistrate's office. Had the man been unrepresented, his case would not have been called first, and the charges would not have been dismissed. 

Felony 1 Burglary Charges Withdrawn for Wilkinsburg Man

In late 2016, a ZLF client was charged with Burglary and Simple Assault, accused of entering another's home and getting into a physical altercation while intoxicated. Prior to this incident, the client had a clean record and a full-time job. Burglary is a 1st-Degree Felony punishable by up to 20 years in jail. If convicted, the client would have lost his job and would have likely faced county jail time, even for a first conviction. 

At the preliminary hearing, Attorney Zuckerman was able to negotiate an agreement for the client to pay restitution to the homeowner, remain out of trouble for 90 days, while completing drug, alcohol and mental health evaluations. Upon providing proof of completion at a March 2017 review hearing, the Commonwealth withdrew the burglary offense, allowing the client to plead guilty to summary offenses, punishable by only fines and court costs. 

This resolution spared him from the stress of a costly trial and gives him the opportunity to expunge the felony burglary charge from his criminal record


Prohibited Offensive Weapons Charge for Brass Knuckle Possession Dismissed

A recent ZLF client with a clean record was found in possession of brass knuckles in a carry on bag, and was charged with Prohibited Offensive Weapons in Allegheny County. If convicted, some of the penalties include up to 5 years of jail time or probation, and a permanent criminal record that cannot be expunged. 

It is a defense to the Prohibited Offensive Weapons charge if the item is possessed solely as a collectors item. At the preliminary hearing, the defense offered photographs to establish that the brass knuckles were originally owned by a family member, who was an avid collector. The evidence also established that the brass knuckles were found in the same bag as multiple collectible items given to the client by a family member, which helped establish that this weapon was only kept as a collector's item. 

Based upon this evidence, the magistrate found that there was not a prima facie case for the Prohibited Offensive Weapons offense. The client is now eligible to expunge this matter from a criminal record. 

License Suspension Avoided For Client Who Missed Court

A ZLF client was recently charged with Driving on a Suspended License, in connection with a traffic stop occurring in Butler County. Due to paperwork issues that occurred in another state, the client's driving privileges were suspended for a longer period of time than what was required due to an diversionary program resolution of a DUI charge. In short, the client was very close to having his/her driver's license restored.

While unrepresented, the client was convicted at the magistrate level of the DSL offense, adding an additional 12 months to the original suspension. This result would have a disastrous impact upon his/her ability to take positions within his/her corporation requiring frequent travel. 

The client ultimately called ZLF with little time to spare. Our firm promptly filed a summary appeal before the Butler County Court of Common Pleas just before the 30 day deadline. We also filed a delay request letter with PennDOT, which was granted. This allowed the suspension to be delayed until the case was resolved.

 On the summary appeal hearing date, both the client and officer failed to appear. The Rules of Criminal Procedure provide that the Court should dismiss the appeal if the Defendant fails to appear, even if the citing officer also fails to appear. However, based upon negotiations with the prosecution, an agreement was reached to hold a stipulated trial, where the client was convicted of Driving Without a License. This charge carries no license suspension for a first offense. 

Although it is imperative to appear for all required court dates, the attorneys at ZLF were able to help a client achieve a desired outcome in his/her absence. 

Simple Assault Charges Withdrawn in Allegheny County on Trial Date

In April of 2017, a ZLF client employed as a tow truck driver was scheduled for a non-jury trial in Allegheny County on charges of Simple Assault and Harassment. The Commonwealth alleged as follows: (1) that the client had rammed the victim's vehicle on multiple occasions, causing damage to the vehicle and (2) that the victim was punched once and shoved into the side of the client's tow truck, causing broken ribs. 

At the preliminary hearing, the prosecution would not resolve the case with a plea to summary offenses. After conducting a preliminary hearing, the charges were held for court and scheduled for trial. No plea offer was made in advance of trial. 

As part of trial preparation, ZLF obtained copies of the emergency room records from the incident date, where the CT scans and physical examinations of the alleged victim revealed no evidence of bruising, swelling or fractures (i.e. broken ribs). Although the prosecution is not required to provide evidence of serious injury to prove a simple assault case, the medical evidence helped demonstrate that the alleged victim was not credible. Towing records also revealed a lack of damage to the alleged victim's vehicle, contradicting the claim that the vehicle was rammed. 

On the date of trial, the client accepted a plea offer where the misdemeanor Simple Assault charges were withdrawn in return for a guilty plea to summary crimes of Harassment and Disorderly Conduct for probation. 

Although this was a case that the prosecution should have agreed to resolve at the preliminary hearing, proper trial preparation helped achieve the proper result. 

Unsworn Falsification Charge Dismissed for Allegheny Co. Man

A retiree was recently charged with Unsworn Falsification to Authorities and the Unlawful Sale and Transfer of a Firearm, based upon his incorrect answer on a firearm purchase application. As a teenager in the 1970's, the client was convicted of a drug offense for possessing marijuana, and answered a question about prior drug crimes convictions incorrectly. 

The court dismissed the charges at the preliminary hearing, concluding that the Defendant made an error on the form, and did not act knowingly with the intent to mislead a public servant. Specifically, since the guilty plea to this charge happened over 40 years ago, the Court found that there was insufficient evidence to demonstrate that the client had any recollection of the charge at the time the application was completed. 

ZLF is now working on a full expungement petition for the client, which is expected to be ordered within the next 90 days. 

If you have ever had any involvement whatsoever with the criminal justice system, you should not attempt to buy a gun or apply for an open carry permit without reviewing your own criminal history with a lawyer. 

4th Offense DUI Charges, Ignition Interlock Violations Dismissed for Allegheny County Man

A ZLF client was charged with a 4th Offense DUI in connection with a two-vehicle accident in Allegheny County. We are please to announce that after the preliminary hearing, the charges were dismissed due to a lack of sufficient evidence. This resolution spared the client from a mandatory 1-2 year state prison sentence without eligibility for house arrest. 

In the summer of 2016, the client was operating a vehicle around a bend when his vehicle hydroplaned on the wet roadway, veered into an oncoming lane of traffic, striking the victim's vehicle. An independent eyewitness followed the client's vehicle for approximately 1/2 mile, observing no erratic driving behaviors prior to the crash. 

The client was treated at the hospital for injuries in connection with the crash. In the course of his treatment, a urine screen yielded a positive result for the presence of narcotics. However, neither the client's blood nor breath were tested. The client was not subjected to field sobriety testing, was not evaluated by a drug recognition expert, and did not display regular signs of impairment during his interaction with police. 

Recent amendments to Section 1547 of the PA Motor Vehicle Code only permit the introduction of blood or breath tests into evidence during DUI prosecutions. As there was no blood test conducted, and there was no independent evidence to suggest that the client was under the influence of narcotics at the time of operation, the charges were properly dismissed by the Court. 

Unlawful Gun Purchase Charges Dismissed for Allegheny Co. Man with Juvenile Record

Local law enforcement charged a ZLF client with the Unlawful Sale/Transfer of a Firearm and Unsworn Falsification to Authorities in connection with an attempt to lawfully purchase a gun. The client had a prior juvenile adjudication for a 1st Degree Misdemeanor offense punishable by up to 5 years in jail. Not knowing that this was considered a conviction under PA law, he improperly answered the question wrong about whether or not he was convicted of a charge punishable by up to 1 year in jail. 

The court dismissed the charges at the preliminary hearing, concluding that the Defendant made an error on the form, and did not act knowingly with the intent to mislead a public servant. The client is now eligible to expunge his juvenile record and the records of his arrest on this case. 

If you have ever had any involvement whatsoever with the criminal justice system, you should not attempt to buy a gun or apply for an open carry permit without reviewing your own criminal history with a lawyer.